During the production cycle, goods, raw materials, semi-finished or finished products can be stored and then marketed.

Warehousing and storage can be differentiated.

Storage is done in specialised and secure warehouses. These very large buildings are specially designed to store very large quantities of food or non-food or even fragile goods (pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, hazardous, flammable, explosive materials, etc.) for long periods of time. The products can be stored at any temperature (heat, room temperature, refrigeration in positive chamber, freezing in negative chamber).

The storage of building materials (cement) or bulk can be done in silos (grain silos). There is also the storage of recycling or incineration waste, and nuclear waste, medical, pharmaceutical and laboratory waste that has very strict storage conditions before destruction. Goods can be stored in bags, boxes, crates, pallets, drums, cans, IBC cube... Food products will be stored separately from non-food products.

These warehouses are organised with specific equipment such as very large, very high shelves, with forklifts and freight elevators to facilitate the movement of items and to optimize the entire height space. The warehouse can also have a container park with reefer connections.

Warehousing is a crucial logistical step in the shipment of goods in France, Europe or internationally.

The optimisation of logistics makes it possible to manage handling, locations, and operations before or after the pre-routing and unloading of the goods.

Goods may be stored several times during the international multimodal transport process before or after loading by ship, barge, plane or truck.

Logistics services are organised by the freight forwarder or forwarding agent. The warehouse firm can offer a complete service from purchase to delivery to the destination point as a central purchasing office, logistics service provider and freight forwarder if it is approved by customs. It can also have its own integrated fleet of lorries.

Storage in the warehouse concerns a short and temporary storage of goods immediately after their production, and within the warehouse in which the goods will be sold.

Storage therefore applies to smaller quantities, with daily entries and exits. Regular daily or weekly replenishment makes it possible to anticipate a possible stock shortage.


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