Maritime transport consists in moving goods or persons (passenger transport) mainly by sea, although occasionally the maritime carrier may use canals (Panama Canal in particular) and take charge of pre-routing or post-routing (positioning a container with the shipper and its routing to the port, for example).
Goods leave from the world's largest ports such as the port of Ningbo, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore, Rotterdam, Houston, Louisiana, Le Havre, Marseille, Antwerp, Genoa, Piraeus, Djibouti, Pusan, etc. to their delivery points located on the various continents, where unloading takes place in 58% Asia, 20% Europe, 16% America, 5% Africa, Oceania, and in Russia.
Such travel will be covered by a Bill of lading (B/L) as part of the regular line or a charter contract as part of a trampoline service (e.g. when tonnages are large).
Thanks to our wide range of products, we cover different types of equipment and several groupage services. This allows us to ensure that your cargo arrives safely, at the right time and in the most cost-effective way. In order to ensure ever-increasing reliability, we have set up protection services in each of the world's major container ports.
The container has many advantages that reduce the overall cost of transport: shorter stopover times, easier handling, adaptation to all modes of transport (road, rail, sea, air and river).
Goods can also be transported in full containers (FCL) or groupage (LCL), crates, cartons, bags, pallets, drums. Containers come in different shapes depending on the size of the goods to be transported: High cube, flattracks, open top, reefer...
Stuffing is the action of loading the goods and then stowing them. The goods are stuffed on loading and then the container is handled to its final destination. Freight carriers expect a freight capacity of 18 tonnes of payload per 20-foot container (TEU). Truck drivers must hold a certificate of professional competence in the road transport of goods on vehicles (heavy goods vehicles) of more than 3.5 tonnes.
The transport of dangerous goods by sea is subject to strict rules on packing, labelling and declaration in accordance with the IMDG Code. The maritime carrier manages maritime flows through a shipowner who allocates a place on one of his vessels. The shipping company can also manage the loading and unloading of the goods, as well as their transit in the event of transhipment. The goods are loaded at the loading port (Port Of Loading) until the unloading port (Port Of Discharge), it is the unloading.
The freight forwarder (also called forwarding agent) has a key role in the freight transport and logistics sector. It manages all multimodal transport operations and logistics services from the preparation of the goods, their departure from the factory or warehouse, their routing, until their delivery according to the Incoterm definition, including or not transport insurance and export customs clearance operations or import declaration.
The Proforma specifications is a standard contract that specifies the cost of transporting goods, but also the loading, unloading, logistics operations and additional diesel fuel costs.
The exporting shipper must provide the carriers with all necessary documents relating to the goods because the transported goods are under the the carrier’s responsibility.